THE adoption of interim guidelines on ethyl/methyl alcohol fuels by International Maritime Organization’s Maritime Safety Committee provides a genuine alternative for 2030 environmental compliance and beyond, the Methanol Institute says.
The guidelines enshrine ethyl and methyl alcohols as options for marine fuel; a milestone the MI believes will be catalyst for more ship operators to consider methanol as a low carbon compliance option.
The approval is significant given the industry focus on transparency around vessel emissions data reporting, the possible inclusion of shipping in the EU ETS, the Sea Cargo Charter and regulatory pressure to tighten ship efficiency under the proposed EEXI.
The Methanol Institute notes growing interest among owners and operators seeking a cost-effective solution to cutting carbon emissions quickly and embracing renewables in the longer term. The Institute is also working with shipyards to develop standard vessel designs for ships powered by methanol.
Twelve methanol-powered chemical tankers constructed to equivalent class rules are already in operation with another 10 on order and the new guidelines should shorten the time to approval and even lower the cost of constructing tankers, bulkers and containerships using methanol as fuel.
The first bunkering Technical Reference for Methanol was published recently by Lloyd’s Register and the MI, as fuel suppliers are gearing up to increase capacity for methanol bunkering volumes.
“Our work with shipowners, class societies, flag administrations and bunkering providers demonstrates there is pent-up demand for a low carbon fuel that can help owners meet their 2030 emission reduction targets at a fraction of the cost of an LNG powered vessel,” said the MI’s COO Chris Chatterton.
“With new methanol guidelines the industry truly has a choice that can help start to reduce emissions with the regulatory certainty it needs.”
The approval comes as research by IEA-AMF suggests conventional methanol can be a significant bridge fuel, lending itself as a base for increased blending of bio-methanol or renewable methanol going forward. As the simplest alcohol with no carbon-to-carbon bounds, methanol has a 4:1 hydrogen to carbon ratio, which also makes it the main candidate for utilisation as a hydrogen carrier, for example, in fuel cells.